Arusha: Common Facts

Arusha, Tanzania

Arusha is the capital city of the Arusha Region. Located on the slopes of Mount Meru, this town is amongst beautiful landscapes as well as national parks. Arusha is Hindi for “rising sun.” According to the 2002 census, Arusha’s population is 1,288,088.

Land Features:

  1. Arusha National Park
  2. Serengeti
  3. Ngorongoro Crater
  4. Lake Manvara
  5. Olduvai Gorge
  6. Tarangire National Park
  7. Mount Kilimanjaro
  8. Mount Meru

Climate and Geography:

Even though Arusha is located just south  of the equator, its temperature is quite moderate due to its elevation (1,400m or 4,600 feet). Situated on the southern slopes of Mount Meru, the temperature ranges between 55 and 86 degree Fahrenheit. Cool dry air is prevalent for much of the year. It has two distinct seasons each year (wet and dry) like much of Eastern Africa. The Indian Ocean is a few hundred miles away, but sends eastern winds to the town of Arusha. “Almost within the entire city; if you go north you will be going up hill, and going south is always down hill.”

Economy:

Substinence farming. The majority of Arusha’s population depends on agriculture for economic growth. Both flowers and vegetables are exported to Europeans countries, as well as coffee.

*** Thought for implication on project: Use outside space as a garden. Allow it to be used as an “outdoor classroom.” Let this be an opportunity to let the community learn tricks of their trade as well as the children located in the orphanage’s dormitory.***

Mining: Tanzanite

Factories: brewery, tyre and fibreboard plant, and a large pharmaceuticals maker.

Mount Meru Hospital Statistics

Currently, Feed the Children and IMO have been working hand-in-hand with Mount Meru Hospital. To better understand the typical needs of the medical department for our facility I have listed information (gathered from the hospital’s site) about most common diagnoses. Mount Meru Hospital is completely owned and operated by the government.

TOP 10 OUT-PATIENT DIAGNOSES (<5YRS):
1.     Malaria                                     21.4%
2.     Minor surgical conditions           14.8%
3.     Acute respiratory infections       14.3%
4.     Pneumonia                                13.9%
5.     Non-infectious eye conditions   10.6%
6.     Diarrhoeal diseases                   6.4%
7.     Urinary Tract Infections            6.2%
8.     Skin Infections                          4.6%
9.     Intestinal worms                        4.4%
10.    Eye Infections                         3.4%

MOST COMMON DISEASES (in the region)

Yellow Fever, Typhoid Fever, Malaria, HIV/AIDS and Sexually Transmitted Diseases, Hepatitis A, and Cholera

Works Cited

“MtMeruHosp.” Welcome to EOL – Elimu On Line New Website. Web. 30 Sept. 2010. <http://eol.habari.co.tz/mt-meru-hosp.htm&gt;.

Maps: Location

Precedent: Conceptual Plans

These are two floor plans of a conceptual design for Feed the Children. The size, program, and scale of these drawings are very similar to the Arusha Health and Education Center.

Reading: Delanda’s “A New Philosophy in Society”

Quotes:

“Assemblage theory can provide the framework in which the contributions of these and other authors may be properly located and the connections between them fully elucidated. This is because assemblages, being whole whose properties emerge from the interactions between parts can be used to model any of these intermediate entities” (Delanda, 5).

“… other defenders of this approach argue that without relations of interiority a whole cannot have emergent properties, becoming a mere aggregation of the properties of its components. It may be argued, however, that a whole may be both analysable into separate parts and at the same time have irreducible properties, properties that emerge from the interactions between parts” (Delanda 10).

“We can distinguish, for example, the properties defining a given entity from its capacities to interact with other entities” (Delanda 10).

“Deleuze gravitates towards other kinds of biological  illustrations, such as the symbiosis of plants and pollinating insects. In this case we have relations of exteriority between self-subsistent components – such as the wasp and the orchid – relations which may become obligatory in the course of coevolution” (Delanda 11).

“But there is another synthetic process in assemblage theory that complements territorialization: the role played in the production and maintenance of identity by specialized expressive entities such as genes and words” (Delanda 14).

“… unlike wholes in which parts are linked by relations of interiority (that is, relations which constitute the very identity of the parts) assemblages are made up of parts which are self-subsistent and articulated by relations of exteriority, so that a part may be detached and made a component of another assemblage” (Delanda 18).

*** These excerpts relate to the Tanzania Project in several ways. Delanda speaks about separate entities working together to create social opportunity. The importance of studying my entities (medical and educational) and finding how they can coexist is essential. The interactions between the two programs will help build the framework for social interconnection.

Having the benefit of letting the two programs reside on the same site, the buildings will inherently be seen as a “whole”. Their commonalities will be expressed in the physical space between the structures as well as through social implications.

Works cited:

DeLanda, Manuel. A New Philosophy of Society: Assemblage Theory and Social Complexity. London: Continuum, 2006. 1-119. Print.

Educational, Medicinal, and Social

To create a dialogue with the actual building structures and the community is essential to help the town of Arusha. The two programmatic structures of the project are educational and medicinal needs.

1. EDUCATION: The education center, a separate building, will house a library, computer room, and a multi-purpose room (that can serve as a conference room, office, and small classroom). Internet is uncommon for many people in Arusha, so providing this access tool will educate its users tremendously, connecting them to other countries in the world. In the learning center, the main goal is to educate people to better care for themselves. This process will not be static, but an evolution of teaching skills. For example, here people can educate themselves how to take better care of their family’s health as well as advancing their academic studies.

2. MEDICINAL: The clinic’s program is a very common layout for outpatient clinics in the region. Such needs include a pharmacy, examination rooms, ward, kitchen, laundry, etc. In addition to the clinic, this building will house dormitories for children. This portion of the program is occupied continuously.

3. SOCIAL: The physical space in between the two buildings is integral to the success of the project. Creating an atmosphere of caring, teaching, learning, and growing is essential. By using public space, the programs can begin to influence one another. The landscape can provide playground for the children on one side and a learning garden on the other side. Perhaps the two can interweave? By inviting the community to use the facilities, these structures can house opportunity and communal growth.

*The goal is to use architecture to facilitate social growth as well as provide programmatic services.