“Tanzania, like many other developing countries, is attempting to diversify its export base with a view to gaining new sources of income and foreign exchange and thus reducing its exposure to price volatility that typify international markets. A handful of non-traditional products such as oilseeds and oil, spices, fruits, vegetables and cocoa beans – which are almost invariably traded unprocessed – are beginning to contribute to total exports. Tanzania is strategically located between 1° and 12° south of the equator, thus commanding an enviable tropical climate to accommodate the production of a wide range of fruits, vegetables, spices, and flowers, both tropical and temperate. Some of the crops can be produced throughout the year and the majority are highly seasonal, consumed at farm level with a potential for local and export markets.”
“Flower-growing in Tanzania is a new activity practised in the northern zone, mainly in Arusha and Kilimanjaro regions where the climate is favourable and an export gateway available through Kilimanjaro International Airport (KIA). Being an agricultural activity, flower growing has the advantage of being a natural adjunct to more traditional exports, while the availability of ready markets in developed countries provides powerful financial incentives.”
“cultivation of cut flower/foliage such as Carnations, Euphorbia and Ami Majus”
“The location of all the surveyed farms in Arusha region owes itself to the region’s favourable climatic conditions and to the proximity of the Kilimanjaro and Jomo Kenyatta international airports.”
“Drip irrigation is the system most commonly used, being the most efficient available. Six farms used drip irrigation while the remaining two used overhead sprinklers. The sources of water are boreholes, springs and rivers such as Usa and Nduruma.”
|Source: Field Survey 1999.|
Only 26 per cent of the total costs involved in flower production for the past five years were investment costs. This is because most of the items in this category are fixed costs, e.g. land and the infrastructure were investment costs. Greenhouse construction is the costliest investment, accounting for 50 per cent of the total, mostly because construction materials have to be imported. Land accounts for 17 per cent of the total costs followed by planting materials (12.3 per cent). Office equipment costs are the lowest (0.3 per cent). This is due to the fact that most farms maintain small offices without much equipment.
“WP.152 The Cut-flower Industry in Tanzania – Sectoral Activities.” International Labour Organization. Mar. 2000. Web. 01 Apr. 2011. <http://www.ilo.org/public/english/dialogue/sector/papers/tanzflow/index.htm>.
The African landscape is more vast than the diversity of its peoples, languages and cultures. Native plants of Africa traverse tropical, savanna, desert and high-mountain subarctic regions, and the abundance of plants in the tropical rain forest regions of Africa plays an important role in the amount of oxygen available in the world’s atmosphere. There are many native plant species of Africa used around the world for their decorative beauty, food and non-edible products.
A delicate flowering plant that has graced many homes around the world, the African violet (Saintpaulia varieties) is native to the Nguru Mountains area in the central East African country of Tanzania. The African violet’s blossoms bear a close resemblance to violet flowers, varying in colors ranging from white to purple. Its leaves have fine, furry surfaces and round or oval shapes.
The common names of this plant, which belongs to the same family as cotton, hibiscus and cocoa, include lady fingers, gumbo, quingumbo, bamyah, kopi arab and bhindi. Okra plants (Abelmoschus esculentus) are both annual and perennial depending on the variety, and they produce flowers that greatly resemble white hibiscus flowers prior to their fruit-bearing phase. The edible okra pods and leaves are prepared in a variety of vegetable and meat dishes around the world. Its seeds are also roasted and prepared as a coffee substitute.
Native to the Sudan and cultivated in tropical areas around the world, tamarind (Tamarindus indica L.) is a tree that bears sweet and sour fruits that tantalize the taste buds of those who like a natural yet tasty kick. The tamarind tree grows to heights of 100 feet, bearing evergreen leaves and brown elongated fruit pods. Inside each pod is a collection of brown, shiny seeds covered in a tangy, edible fruit pulp eaten raw or used in chutneys and culinary recipes.
Kiwano (Cucumis metuliferus) is native to the central and southern countries of Africa. Also known as African Horned Cucumber, Hedged Gourd and Horned Melon, Kiwano is a vine of the melon family that produces fruit with a spiked appearance. Although Kiwano is cultivated and exported for its decorative appearance, the fruit itself is long-lasting and very nutritious.
Although its namesake comes from the Bermuda Island, Bermuda grass (Cynodon dactylon) is native to Africa. It grows in dense, creeping clusters close to the ground, producing deep root systems that make the grass highly drought-tolerant. Some other names of Bermuda grass include wire grass, dogtooth grass and couch grass.